Peace building

Peace building

Nepal has a long history of extreme poverty and under-development, with significant social, economic and political challenges. Nepal is the poorest country in South Asia and among the poorest in the world. A relatively small, landlocked country of over 25 million sandwiched between India and China, it is a complex society vulnerable to a range of internal and external forces dominated by a dynamic of conflict, elite capture of decision-making and resources, and exploitation. The people’s movement of April 2006, the November 2006 Comprehensive Peace Agreement to end the armed conflict, and the April 2008 and November 2013 Constituent Assembly elections followed by the promulgation of new Constitution in September 2015 all marked critical steps towards the establishment of a peaceful and democratic Nepal. There are, however, many challenges lie ahead that could lead to more violent conflicts.

Kathmandu centred Nepal’s peace process has shown some considerable limitations over the issue of exclusive participation and exclusion of minorities’ agenda which were seriously denied by the groups not yet brought into national mainstream. Indigenous nationalities’ movement, Madhesh Revolt of early 2007 followed by Tharu movements were some of the excluded peoples’ struggle seeking fair share of peace deal. Record breaking representation of minorities and other excluded groups in the Constitution Assembly had raised another hope that the new constitution would break the cycle of exclusion, exploitation and deprivation based on identity to certain caste/ethnicity, language spoken or religion practiced or geography located.

One of the main causes of decade long armed conflict in Nepal was the exploitation, discrimination, marginalization and social exclusion of minority groups. The demand for a federal governing system is largely to address this problem. However, the recent struggles of various group debating over naming and delineation of federal boundaries have surfaced some of the structural and institutional inequalities of Nepalese societies. How Nepal addresses the issues of exclusion and marginalisation through the federalisation process will determine the future of sustainable peace in the country. 

What does SNP do?

  • Improve the quality of social and economic life and help sustain peace in most vulnerable and conflict-affected areas by delivering small-scale Immediate Impact Micro Projects (IIMPs) focused at tangible benefits through participatory, inclusive community-led action planning.

  • Strengthen the capacity of local peace focused institutions such as the Local Peace Committee (LPC) in identifying and facilitating issues of conflict victim and addressing causes of tension.

  • Support the localization of national peace instruments and action plan such as NAP on UN SCR 1325 & 1820.

  • Support to local administration in opening window of opportunity to the victims of conflict.

  • Build a culture of peace though peace education, peace journalism, conflict sensitive program planning and wider engagement of stakeholders in the process.

  • Facilitate increased participation and issues of minorities in peace building efforts at local, regional and national level.

  • Monitor and analyse trends, set up early warning systems and institutionalization of ideal approaches to sustain peace.